Tehran, Iran – Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan has held high-level talks in Tehran after a trilateral assembly with Russian and Azerbaijani leaders on preventing within the Caucasus area.
Pashinyan was formally acquired by Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi on Tuesday morning, and the 2 held talks on the Saadabad Palace within the capital Tehran.
In a joint press convention following the assembly, the Iranian president mentioned Tehran is “delicate” in regards to the Caucasus area as a result of it has been a part of Iranian historical past, civilisation and tradition, and safety and peace throughout the area are vital for Iran.
“Our negotiations with Mr Pashinyan led to the conclusion that resolving the problems of the area should happen by the hands of the officers and authorities of the area, and any interference by foreigners will solely create issues quite than resolve them,” Raisi mentioned.
Pashinyan mentioned he agrees with Raisi in regards to the area’s capacity to realize sustainable peace and safety, and desires for Iranian authorities to be totally knowledgeable in regards to the contents of Armenia’s talks with Azerbaijan and Turkey on the contested area of Nagorno-Karabakh.
On this vein, he mentioned, he mentioned with the Iranian president what transpired a day earlier within the Black Sea Russian metropolis of Sochi, the place he sat down with Russian President Vladimir Putin and Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev.
Following the assembly on Monday, Putin had mentioned the talks had been “very helpful” however the different two leaders would nonetheless have to resolve lingering factors of disagreement that he didn’t disclose.
Baku and Yerevan “agreed to not use pressure” and to “settle all disputes solely on the premise of recognition of mutual sovereignty and territorial integrity” in a joint assertion launched following the Sochi assembly.
The 2 have been at odds for many years over the enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh, which is internationally recognised as a part of Azerbaijan however is populated by ethnic Armenians.
Azerbaijan regained management over a lot of the area after a bloody six-week struggle in 2020 that ended with a Russian-brokered peace settlement.
However preventing once more broke out between the 2 ex-Soviet nations’ forces final month, with greater than 200 troopers killed in a number of days.
Iran’s ‘crimson line’
Iran, which has borders with each nations, has been calling for an finish to the preventing.
Iranian Overseas Minister Hossein Amirabdollahian had a telephone name together with his counterpart from Azerbaijan ally Turkey late on Monday, throughout which they mentioned tensions within the Caucasus.
However Tehran has firmly rejected strikes by Baku and Ankara aimed toward creating a brand new transport link connecting Azerbaijan’s exclave of Nakhchivan with the Azerbaijani mainland, a route the 2 have branded the “Zanzegur hall”.
High Iranian authorities have repeatedly mentioned any efforts to alter Iran’s borders or transit links with Armenia would represent crossing a “crimson line” that Tehran wouldn’t tolerate.
In a transfer in help of this assertion, Iran in late October turned the primary nation to determine a diplomatic mission within the southernmost Armenian province of Syunik, opening a consulate normal in Kapan, which is wanted by Baku and Ankara for his or her hall.
Iranian armed forces additionally held a number of days of wide-ranging navy workout routines in border areas with Azerbaijan and Armenia on the identical time.
The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) confirmed footage of constructing a pontoon bridge over part of the Aras River for the primary time to move its forces and arms over to a northern half – which was nonetheless on Iranian soil regardless of the river marking elements of the border between the 2 nations.
Boosting ties with Armenia
Tehran has additionally been more and more vocal about its curiosity in bolstering bilateral ties with Armenia.
Pashinyan’s go to to Tehran on Tuesday was additionally partly aimed toward advancing this aim, with the Armenian chief saying a lot of the talks with Raisi handled enhancing financial and commerce relations.
“We had talks about vitality, agriculture, infrastructures and managing water assets, and we have to conclude the negotiations and critically observe up on them,” he mentioned.
Pashinyan additionally invited Raisi to go to Yerevan for additional negotiations.
Raisi, for his half, mentioned Iran desires to extend the extent of annual bilateral commerce with Armenia to $3bn.
The amount of commerce between the 2 stood at about $500m final yr, in line with a neighborhood media interview earlier this yr with Hervik Yarijanian, the pinnacle of the Iran-Armenia Joint Chamber of Commerce.