Human rights group additionally notes continued secrecy in China, North Korea and Vietnam, and ‘alarming rise’ in use of dying sentences in Myanmar.
The variety of executions globally rose 20 p.c in 2021, whereas the variety of dying sentences handed down elevated by 40 p.c, rights group Amnesty Worldwide has stated.
Its annual report, Dying Sentences and Executions, stated a minimum of 579 folks have been killed by states that retain capital punishment whereas a minimum of 2,052 had a dying sentence handed in opposition to them.
“The rise in executions was primarily pushed by rises within the yearly determine for Iran (from a minimum of 246 in 2020 to a minimum of 314 in 2021, a 28% improve), which was the very best determine on document since 2017,” the report stated. “The spike in Iran appeared notably for executions of individuals convicted of drug-related offences (132), which represented 42% of the whole and constituted a greater than five-fold rise from 2020.”
The figures don’t embody China, the place 1000’s are regarded as executed or sentenced to dying every year in a system shrouded in secrecy. Amnesty stated secrecy in North Korea and Vietnam, in addition to the problem in accessing data on using the dying penalty “continued to impair a full evaluation of worldwide traits”.
The rights group famous that executions in Saudi Arabia in 2021 have been additionally greater than double the quantity recorded in 2020, whereas international locations together with Bangladesh, India and Pakistan handed extra dying sentences.
Amnesty additionally famous that retentionist states had “resorted to the dying penalty as a weapon within the armoury of state repression in opposition to protestors and minorities”.
In Myanmar, the place the army seized energy from the elected authorities in a coup in February 2021, the report famous an “alarming improve within the resort to the dying penalty beneath martial legislation, the place the army transferred the authority to strive circumstances of civilians to particular or present army tribunals, via abstract proceedings and with out the fitting to enchantment”.
Almost 90 folks have been arbitrarily sentenced to dying, it added, and a few of these sentenced weren’t even current to listen to the sentence.
Regardless of the rising toll, Amnesty stated the worldwide pattern remained in favour of the abolition of the dying penalty, noting that simply 18 international locations have been recognized to have carried out executions final 12 months, the bottom because it started maintaining information.
Numerous international locations proceed to take steps to abolish using capital punishment or restrict its use.
In July, Sierra Leone’s parliament voted unanimously to undertake a invoice that might absolutely abolish the dying penalty; comparable laws turned legislation in Kazakhstan in December, whereas Virginia turned the twenty third state within the US to abolish the dying penalty.