Infographic: How do the Kenyan elections work? | Infographic

Kenya, certainly one of Africa’s most vibrant democracies, votes on Tuesday. Right here’s what it is advisable to know in regards to the events, leaders and key election points.

Nairobi, Kenya – On August 9, Kenyans are heading to the polls to choose the nation’s fifth president in what pundits say might be a hotly contested election.

4 candidates are competing for the nation’s high place. William Ruto, having served two phrases as deputy president within the present authorities, is raring to succeed his present boss, who he’s feuding with.

William Ruto, deputy president of Kenya
William Ruto, deputy president of Kenya

Raila Odinga, who has unsuccessfully contested the presidency 4 instances earlier than, is his important challenger. He has the backing of the outgoing president, Uhuru Kenyatta, his former foe. Two different candidates, George Wajackoyah and David Mwaure, full the record.

Former prime minister Raila Odinga
Former prime minister Raila Odinga

Apart from the presidential election, folks will even go to the polls to vote in governors, Members of the Nationwide Meeting, senators and Members of the County Meeting.

Twelve folks might be nominated to the Nationwide Meeting, in line with the structure, to symbolize particular curiosity teams together with folks with disabilities, youths and staff.

Current parliament
Present parliament

How do folks vote?

Voting is finished electronically within the second such election after a historical past of guide failures.

  • Because of technological failures within the 2017 polls that led to the Supreme Courtroom calling for a rerun of the presidential contest, there’s a guide voters’ register that’s normally sealed till wanted however saved within the polling stations.
  • After voting, the ballots are counted and outcomes kinds crammed, then taken to the constituency tallying centres the place outcomes are collated and introduced, earlier than being taken to the county and nationwide tallying centres.
  • In keeping with Justus Nyng’aya, an Unbiased Electoral and Boundaries Fee (IECB) commissioner, the physique will transmit outcomes through a public portal “as a picture, not textual content”.
Kenyan elections process
Kenyan elections course of

Declaring victory

To be declared winner in Kenya’s winner-takes-all electoral system, a presidential candidate has to obtain greater than half of all of the votes forged within the election; and not less than 25 p.c of the votes forged in every of not less than half of the counties.

In keeping with the structure, if no candidate is elected, a brand new election needs to be held inside 30 days after the earlier one.

  • Solely candidates who acquired the best and second highest votes tally are eligible to contest a brand new election.
  • The candidate who receives probably the most votes within the new election shall be declared elected as president.
  • A presidential election shall be cancelled and a brand new election held if a candidate for president or deputy president dies on or earlier than the scheduled election date; or the president-elect dies earlier than being declared elected.

IEBC chairperson Wafula Chebukati has stated the fee is printing 22,120,458 poll papers – the precise variety of registered voters.

Voting at a glance
Voting at a look

Ideology barometer

In Kenya, as in lots of components of Africa, ideology politics should not the order of the day. Residents are extra inclined to attend for good governance and people-oriented initiatives, no matter whether or not it comes from a socialist or capitalist authorities.

Political barometer in Kenya
Political barometer in Kenya
  • Additionally, for a lot of politicians, energy is the final word purpose so their ideologies are malleable they usually usually swap get together allegiances or create them. Consequently, personalities drive politics on the continent, not events.
  • Raila Odinga, a longtime centre leftist who’s famously identified for campaigning for multi-party politics in Kenya, was a long-term foe of the present president, however is now the institution candidate and barely proper of centre.
  • Deputy President William Ruto is campaigning as an outsider in a centrist authorities and has adopted a comparatively right-wing strategy, along with his populist Kenya Kwanza (Kenya First) motion as a marketing campaign automobile.
  • On the intense left of the spectrum is George Wajackoyah, a professor who desires to legalise marijuana, impose four-day working weeks and grasp these convicted of corruption.
  • To the intense proper is conservative clergyman David Mwaure, who completes the record.

 

Infographic: How can you reduce your carbon footprint? | Infographic News

The local weather disaster has grow to be the front-line challenge on the planet at this time with thousands and thousands in danger because of erratic local weather patterns and pure disasters.

Individuals throughout the globe observe June 5 as World Atmosphere Day. Led by the United Nations, it’s the largest world platform for environmental consciousness and outreach.

This 12 months, the annual convention is being hosted by Sweden with the “Solely One Earth” marketing campaign slogan, and a concentrate on “Dwelling sustainably in concord with nature”.

Learn on for some key information and statistics concerning the atmosphere in 5 infographics and maps.

INTERACTIVE What is world environment day
(Al Jazeera)

Essentially the most polluted nations on the planet

About seven million untimely deaths occur yearly because of air air pollution, or one in 9 of all deaths. 9 out of 10 folks breathe unclean air, making it essentially the most important environmental well being danger of our time.

In 2021, India had 63 of the world’s 100 most polluted cities, adopted by China (12), Pakistan (6), Kazakhstan (4) and Bangladesh (2), in line with air high quality tracker IQAir. All these cities had a PM2.5 air-quality score of greater than 50 – a price that exceeds the World Well being Group (WHO) pointers by greater than 10 occasions.

Bhiwadi, in India, had the worst common air high quality in 2021, at 106.2.

INTERACTIVE The most polluted countries in the world infographic
(Al Jazeera)

Which nations have the most secure consuming water?

In 2020, about three-quarters (74 p.c) of the world’s inhabitants had entry to wash consuming water. One in 4 folks should not have entry to a safely managed water supply. In low-income nations, unsafe water accounts for six out of each 100 deaths.

Within the least developed nations, 22 p.c of healthcare amenities haven’t any water service, 21 p.c haven’t any sanitation service, and 22 p.c haven’t any waste administration service. Most are in sub-Saharan Africa.

Ten nations – eight in Africa and two in Asia – have lower than a 20 p.c share of the inhabitants with entry to soundly managed consuming water. The bottom in share percentages are Chad (5.6 p.c), the Central African Republic (6.2 p.c), Sierra Leone (10.6 p.c), Rwanda (12.1 p.c) and Ethiopia (12.6 p.c).

The nations with one hundred pc entry to secure consuming water embody Greece, Iceland, Kuwait, Lichtenstein, Malta, Monaco, New Zealand, San Marino and Singapore.

INTERACTIVE Which countries have the safest drinking water
(Al Jazeera)

Internet zero emissions targets

In accordance with the UN, world net human-caused emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) would wish to fall by about 45 p.c from 2010 ranges by 2030, reaching “net zero” by 2050. Because of this any remaining emissions would have to be balanced by eradicating CO2 from the air.

On December 12, 2016, 196 nations adopted the Paris Local weather Settlement, a legally binding worldwide treaty on local weather change that got here into impact on November 4, 2016. The purpose of the treaty is to restrict world warming to properly beneath 2 levels Celsius (3.6 levels Fahrenheit), ideally to 1.5C (2.7F).

China, the US, and the European Union – the largest polluters on the planet – have set a net zero goal, overlaying about 76 p.c of worldwide emissions (PDF).

INTERACTIVE Global net zero emissions targets
(Al Jazeera)

How will you scale back your carbon footprint?

Carbon footprint is a method to quantify an individual’s contribution to world warming via the consumption of products and companies. Making environmentally accountable decisions in on a regular basis life can contribute to the combat in opposition to local weather change.

Listed below are just a few methods you’ll be able to scale back your carbon footprint.

INTERACTIVE How to reduce your carbon footprint
(Al Jazeera)