World’s largest freshwater fish caught in Cambodia | News

Fisher on the Mekong River caught a large stingray that weighed nearly 300kg.

A fisher in Cambodia has caught what scientists say is the world’s largest recorded freshwater fish, a large stingray.

Captured on June 13, the stingray measured nearly 4 metres (13 ft) from snout to tail and weighed barely lower than 300kg (660lbs), in response to a press release on Monday by Wonders of the Mekong, a joint Cambodian-US analysis mission.

The earlier report for a freshwater fish was a 293-kg (646-lb) Mekong big catfish, found in Thailand in 2005, the group stated.

Christened “Boramy”- that means the total moon within the Khmer language – due to her bulbous form, the stingray was caught south of Stung Treng on the Mekong River in northeastern Cambodia. It took a couple of dozen males to haul the fish ashore.

They alerted a close-by workforce of scientists from the Wonders of the Mekong mission, which has publicised its conservation work in communities alongside the river.

The scientists arrived inside hours of getting a post-midnight name with the information, and had been amazed at what they noticed.

“Whenever you see a fish this dimension, particularly in freshwater, it’s onerous to grasp, so I feel all of our workforce was shocked,” Wonders of the Mekong chief Zeb Hogan stated in an internet interview from the College of Nevada in Reno.

Village residents watch as a team of Cambodian and American scientists and researchers, along with Fisheries Administration officials prepare to release a giant freshwater stingray back into the Mekong River in the northeastern province of Stung Treng, Cambodia
Villagers watch as a workforce of Cambodian and American scientists and researchers, together with Fisheries Administration officers put together to launch a large freshwater stingray again into the Mekong River within the northeastern province of Stung Treng, Cambodia [Sinsamout Ounboundisane/FISHBIO via AP]

Freshwater fish are outlined as those who spend their total lives in freshwater, versus big marine species resembling bluefin tuna and marlin, or fish that migrate between contemporary and saltwater like beluga sturgeon.

The invention of the stingray was not nearly setting a brand new report.

“The truth that the fish can nonetheless get this massive is a hopeful signal for the Mekong River, ” Hogan stated, noting that the waterway faces many environmental challenges.

The Mekong River runs by way of China, Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam. It’s residence to a number of species of big freshwater fish however environmental pressures are rising. Specifically, scientists concern a serious programme of dam constructing lately could also be significantly disrupting spawning grounds.

“Huge fish globally are endangered. They’re high-value species. They take a very long time to mature. So in the event that they’re fished earlier than they mature, they don’t have an opportunity to breed,” Hogan stated. “A number of these massive fish are migratory, so that they want massive areas to outlive. They’re impacted by issues like habitat fragmentation from dams, clearly impacted by overfishing. So about 70 p.c of big freshwater fish globally are threatened with extinction, and the entire Mekong species.”

The workforce that rushed to the positioning inserted a tagging machine close to the stingray’s tail earlier than releasing it. The machine will ship monitoring info for the following 12 months, offering unprecedented knowledge on its behaviour.

“The large stingray is a really poorly understood fish. Its title, even its scientific title, has modified a number of instances within the final 20 years,” Hogan stated. “It’s discovered all through Southeast Asia, however now we have nearly no details about it. We don’t learn about its life historical past. We don’t learn about its ecology, about its migration patterns.”

Researchers say it’s the fourth big stingray reported in the identical space prior to now two months, all of them females. They suppose this can be a spawning hotspot for the species.

The fisher who caught Boramy, along with the honour of getting caught the record-breaker, was compensated on the market price, that means he obtained a cost of about $600.

Analysis: The ‘satchetisation’ of Africa’s largest economy | Poverty and Development

Abuja, Nigeria – In February 2019, Eat’n’Go, the Nigerian franchisee of widespread pizza maker Domino’s, launched a miniature model of the pizza bins the market was aware of, for 550 naira ($1.50).

Smaller in dimension and much cheaper than the medium-sized pizza which prices N3,900 ($9), this new model was designed to be reasonably priced for everybody.

It was a crucial choice given the financial instability on the time, CEO Patrick Michael instructed Al Jazeera.

“The Nigerian market is numerous, and the potential for revenue stays excessive,” he stated. “Nevertheless, we will’t overlook the financial instability [which] has, indirectly, affected buying energy. At instances like this, it turns into pertinent for business gamers like ourselves to cushion the impact of this example on prospects.”

Two years earlier, StarTimes, a Chinese language satellite tv for pc TV supplier with a powerful presence in Nigeria, had added every day and weekly subscriptions – with fewer channels – at N60 (15 cents) and N300 (72 cents) respectively, to its current month-to-month possibility.

Since 2015, Nigeria, Africa’s largest economic system, has gone into recession twice and in that point, the naira has plummeted towards the greenback, dropping 70 % of its worth. That put the economic system in a chokehold. However issues may develop into even worse within the coming days.

In response to a latest World Financial institution report [PDF], by 2022, the variety of poor individuals within the nation is projected to achieve 95.1 million – greater than 40 % of the inhabitants. And even because the opposed financial results of the COVID-19 pandemic linger, commodity costs are on the rise as a result of impact of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

A 2022 report by the Nationwide Bureau of Statistics (NBS), reveals that Nigeria’s annual inflation price accelerated for the third straight month to 16.82% in April 2022, from 15.92% in March. It was the steepest rise in inflation since August 2021 and follows the pattern of a worldwide surge in commodity costs.

For Nigerians, the tip consequence is a big depletion of their buying energy and finally, much less cash of their accounts.

Certainly, whereas there have been 133.5 million energetic financial institution accounts within the nation as of December 2021, 99% of these accounts had lower than 500,000 naira ($1,200), based on the Nigeria Deposit Insurance coverage Company.

A response to market actuality

To deal with this actuality, companies like Eat’n’Go are turning to sachet advertising and marketing as a technique to remain in enterprise.

Students Rodolfo P. Ang and Joseph A. Sy-Changco of Ateneo de Manila College in The Philippines, outline sachet advertising and marketing as “the trouble to extend market penetration for one’s product by making it out there in smaller, extra reasonably priced packs…a software for penetrating the market on the backside of the financial pyramid.”

Colloquially known as ‘sachetisation’, it has been round in Nigeria for many years and is prevalent in different rising markets like The Phillippines and India.

Quick-moving shopper items companies (FMCGs) adopted it for gadgets like “‘pure water”, powdered milk and prompt noodle packs. This, Shakirudeen Taiwo, a Nigerian economist, instructed Al Jazeera, allowed the businesses to cater to as much as 80% of the market.

However lately, manufacturers have ramped up the technique, as a brand new financial actuality set in. These merchandise at the moment are offered in even smaller sachets or small nylon baggage.

“As finally depend, we’ve got over 75% of households in Nigeria dwelling beneath $3-5 per day, which is large,” Taiwo stated. “So, corporations begin modelling their merchandise to suit this earnings bracket of individuals since they make up the majority of the inhabitants.”

Doing this helps companies attain extra prospects and maximise income as they will promote extra merchandise at a cumulatively greater worth. However extra importantly for consumers, it cushions the consequences of inflation even when they should sacrifice amount and in some circumstances, high quality, too.

How sachet advertising and marketing performs out in Nigeria’s tech business

The pattern can be taking part in out in Nigeria’s tech business and influencing how extra startups are excited about product pricing.

The business should be in its infancy however is extremely regarded around the globe. In 2021, roughly 60 % ($1.7bn) of the full quantity ($2.9bn) raised by Africa-based tech startups went to Nigeria alone.

However even giants bow to market forces.

Many expertise companies enchantment to youthful Nigerians as a result of they ease bureaucratic and costly processes of investing, saving, shopping for insurance coverage, and accessing loans by introducing decrease charges and cheaper fee plans, amongst different issues.

Yanmo Omorogbe, co-founder and COO of funding platform Bamboo, says corporations like hers should contemplate market realities to achieve product-market-fit. Leveraging its partnership with a US broker-dealer, Bamboo permits Nigerians to take part within the US inventory market with as little as $10.

“Right here [in Nigeria], nearly all of persons are working laborious to flee the lure of the poverty line,” Omorogbe instructed Al Jazeera. “A small center class is being pulled in numerous instructions, after which you’ve gotten an equally small phase of high-net-worth people.

“Your methods might want to account for the variations, however the core product ought to be capable of accommodate everybody,” she stated. “For us, it meant including options like fractional shares that enable individuals to take a position with what they’ve and in addition reducing the minimums so you may get extra individuals in.”

Eke Urum, Lagos-based investor and monetary analyst agrees, saying the technique is “a response to a foul actuality” as “demand backed by buying energy is getting smaller.”

Rise, the fintech startup he runs, permits Nigerians to make greenback investments into actual property and the inventory market in america, with as little as $1.

In Nigeria the place insurance coverage penetration is lower than 2%, Reliance Well being, a startup, created a system the place individuals shouldn’t have to be formally employed to entry medical insurance. It launched plans from 3,500 naira ($7) to 148,500 naira ($297) that enable customers to pay month-to-month, quarterly, or yearly.

An answer or an issue?

The Nigerian authorities appeared to grasp this, too, when it launched a micro-pension scheme in 2019.

It expanded the nation’s contributory pension scheme to permit people within the casual and semi-formal industries to create accounts with no plan sponsor – usually their employer – and save small quantities over a protracted interval.

Whereas the scheme has not absolutely caught on but for numerous causes, it illustrates the state of the market and the way establishments working listed here are adapting.

However consultants and business stakeholders say satchetisation is as a lot of an modern resolution as it’s proof of a large-scale downside.

“[It] could be a type of democratisation the place corporations need to convey merchandise to individuals who in any other case can’t afford them,” stated Bamboo’s Omorogbe. “However a second perspective is that quickly rising poverty, the place most individuals within the economic system can’t afford [a] services or products and are more and more shifting farther away from affording them.”

As inflation rises whereas buying energy inversely declines, extra corporations in numerous sectors of the economic system may flip to sachetisation, even service suppliers that beforehand served solely the higher and center class.

“A visit to the mall will present you that the idea of sachetisation is gaining extra traction,” Taiwo stated. “We would additionally begin seeing it by way of providers. Firms providing built-in providers may begin providing particular providers at decrease costs [to] guarantee affordability and enterprise survival.”

10 of the Largest Construction Projects in the World

What involves thoughts when you think about the world’s greatest constructing tasks? You are right for those who guessed airports, canals, and subways. And, after all, industrial complexes and utility tasks are included. Nonetheless, a number of the present tasks included on the record could shock you, such because the Worldwide House Station and an amusement advanced modeled like Disney World.

Dubai’s Al Maktoum Worldwide Airport

Center East, United Arab Emirates, Dubai, new Al Maktoum airport was a large growth venture. Bowman, Charles No different airport compares to Dubai’s Al Maktoum Worldwide Airport, which spans over 21 sq. miles. The power is able to dealing with 200 wide-body plane concurrently. The second section of the airport’s growth is anticipated to value greater than $32 billion. Initially anticipated to be accomplished in 2018, the most recent growth section has been postponed, and no completion date has been established.

Saudi Arabia, Jubail II

Jubail Business Metropolis was a large constructing venture in Saudi Arabia’s Center Jap Cultureia. Getty Pictures / Ali Al Mubarak Jubail II is a 22-year-old industrial metropolis extension venture with a $11 billion growth price range. It began its second section in 2014. It’ll finally embody at the least 100 industrial models, an 800,000-cubic-meter desalination plant, miles of trains, roads, and highways, and an oil refinery capable of generating at the least 350,000 barrels per day. The full project is scheduled to conclude in 2024.

Dubailand is situated in Dubai.

Dubailand, situated in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, was a large growth venture. Getty Pictures / Matilde Gattoni Three Walt Disney Worlds could also be included contained in the Dubailand advanced. Dubailand, which might cowl an space of 278 sq. kilometers and value $64 billion, might be divided into six sections: amusement parks, sports activities arenas, eco-tourism, well being amenities, scientific sights, and resorts. Moreover, it should have the world’s greatest lodge, with 6,500 rooms, and a 10-million-square-foot shopping center. The venture is anticipated to be accomplished in 2025.

House, Worldwide House Station

Worldwide House Station constructing was an astronomically huge endeavor. Britannica/UIG / Getty Pictures Each 92 minutes, the Worldwide House Station (ISS) rounds the globe. It’s being constructed at a price of greater than $60 billion by a collaboration of 15 international locations and 5 area businesses. The area station’s complete value and anticipated extensions may strategy $1 trillion, at which era it may grow to be a residence for as much as 1 million extraterrestrial individuals.

China’s South-North Water Switch Venture

The South-North Water Transfer Project in China’s Qinghai province was a large constructing endeavor. Getty Pictures / Christophe Boisvieux Though the north of China is residence to about half of the nation’s inhabitants, it solely possesses round 20% of the nation’s water sources. To deal with this imbalance, China has sponsored the constructing of three large canals, every greater than 600 miles lengthy, that can transport water from China’s three main rivers to the north. The venture is scheduled to be accomplished in 48 years. When absolutely operational, it should present 44.8 billion cubic meters of water per 12 months.

Crossrail Venture in London

Males engaged in constructing work on the Crossrail subterranean metro system in London. Getty Pictures / Lionel Derimais The world’s first subterranean railway system continues to broaden, with the addition of 26 miles of tube connecting 40 stops. Building is anticipated to value $23 billion. The venture is slated to be accomplished in phases, with the primary new line—the Elizabeth line—anticipated to open in 2019 and the extra traces following in 2020.

California’s Excessive-Pace Railway

Trains Touring Alongside A Railroad Observe With A Metropolis within the Background Getty Pictures / Ren Morales California’s high-speed rail construction began in 2015 and is slated to conclude in 2029. It’ll hyperlink eight of the state’s ten main cities, stretching from San Diego to San Francisco. The venture is split into two phases: The primary section will hyperlink Los Angeles to San Francisco; the second section will broaden the connection to San Diego and Sacramento. The practice might be completely electrical, run fully on renewable vitality, and able to reaching speeds of as much as 200 miles per hour.

Japan’s Chuo Shinkansen

Pond 5 inside Sellafield Getty Pictures / Barry Lewis Formally often known as the Linear Chuo Shinkansen, Japan’s latest high-speed practice line will join Tokyo and Nagoya, a distance of 286 kilometers, in 40 minutes at a prime velocity of 505 kilometers per hour. This part of the high-speed route is anticipated to be accomplished by 2027. An extra section will see the railway prolonged to Osaka. The Tokyo-Nagoya line might be underground for about 86 p.c of its size, necessitating main tunnel development. This magnetic levitation (a.okay.a. “maglev”) practice is the world’s quickest.

Beijing Worldwide Airport, China

Beijing, China, Beijing Capital Worldwide Airport. A portion of the brand new Terminal 3 constructing, which opened in February 2008 and is the world’s second greatest construction. Getty Pictures / Christian Kober Beijing Worldwide Airport will in the end outperform Dubai’s Al Maktoum Worldwide Airport by way of value, complete sq. miles, passenger and plane capability. The primary part of the airport was completed in time for the 2008 Olympic Video games. Extra growth is anticipated to be accomplished by 2025. Terminal 1, constructed by Zaha Hadid, embodies quite a lot of sustainable design ideas inside a future architectural shell.

Libya’s Nice Man-Made River Venture

Truck with colossal pipe Getty Pictures / Friedrich Schmidt Since 1985, Libya has been creating the “Nice Man-Made River” (GMR) venture. It’s the world’s greatest irrigation venture. When completed, it could irrigate over 350,000 acres of agricultural land and considerably enhance ingesting water availability within the majority of Libya’s metropolitan areas. The venture’s water provide comes from the subterranean Nubian Sandstone Aquifer System. The venture is anticipated to be accomplished in 2030.