Russia can defend new regions with nuclear weapons: Medvedev | Russia-Ukraine war News

Putin ally says Ukrainian territories that vote to hitch Russia can be protected by Moscow as ‘sham’ referendums close to.

Dmitry Medvedev, the previous Russian president, has stated that any weapons in Moscow’s arsenal, together with strategic nuclear weapons, may very well be used to defend territories included into Russia from Ukraine.

Medvedev, the deputy chairman of Russia’s Safety Council, additionally stated on Thursday that referendums being organised by Russian-installed and separatist authorities in giant swathes of occupied Ukrainian territory will happen, and that “there is no such thing as a going again”:

“The Donbas [Donetsk and Luhansk] republics and different territories can be accepted into Russia,” he stated in a Telegram publish, referring to breakaway areas in japanese Ukraine’s industrial heartland.

His feedback got here after President Vladimir Putin warned on Wednesday that Moscow would use “all obtainable means” to guard Russia’s “territorial integrity” as he moved to mobilise 300,000 reserve forces to struggle in Ukraine. The thinly veiled nuclear risk drew speedy condemnation from an array of Western leaders.

Medvedev, who usually points aggressive statements on the West and Ukraine, added that the safety of all of the territories can be considerably strengthened by the Russian armed forces.

“Russia has introduced that not solely mobilisation capabilities, but in addition any Russian weapons, together with strategic nuclear weapons and weapons based mostly on new rules, may very well be used for such safety,” he stated.

INTERACTIVE Russia's nuclear programme

The votes to hitch Russia are attributable to happen within the Russian-held elements of Ukraine’s Donetsk, Luhansk, Kherson and Zaporizhia provinces, in addition to a part of Mykolaiv province, from Friday – and are broadly anticipated to supply outcomes overwhelmingly endorsing becoming a member of Russia.

The votes, which is able to happen below army occupation with none outdoors oversight, have been labelled shams by Kyiv and its Western allies.

If formally admitted to the Russian Federation, the occupied territories, the place Ukrainian counteroffensives have gathered tempo in current weeks, will below Moscow’s nuclear doctrine, be entitled to safety from Russian nuclear weapons.

Moscow doesn’t totally management any of the 4 areas it’s anticipated to attempt to annex, with solely round 60 p.c of Donetsk and 66 p.c of Zaporizhia at present held by the Russian military.

What’s behind the latest setback in the Iran nuclear talks? | Nuclear Energy News

Video Length 24 minutes 10 seconds

From: Inside Story

European leaders say they doubt Tehran’s intentions to revive the 2015 settlement.

France, the UK and Germany have raised questions on Iran’s intentions to revive the 2015 nuclear settlement.

This comes days after Tehran despatched its response to the European Union’s newest proposed textual content for reviving the deal.

The three Western nations say Iran’s calls for are stopping talks from resuming in Vienna.

Iran has denied the European allegations.

So, is a deal nonetheless doable?

Presenter: Hashem Ahelbarra

Visitors:

Hillary Mann Leverett – former US Division of State diplomatic official and former US-Iran negotiator

Mohammad Marandi – media adviser for the Iranian negotiating staff in Vienna and a professor on the College of Tehran

Is a return to the Iran nuclear deal imminent? | TV News

From: Inside Story

Optimism for revised accord following 16 months of negotiations.

Diplomats say they imagine they’re near restoring the Iran nuclear deal, 4 years after the US pulled out.

For the previous 16 months, negotiators from Washington and Tehran have been working with the opposite signatories to reestablish the accord.

The European Union laid down what it known as its last supply earlier this month.

Few particulars have been formally made public, however sources have instructed Al Jazeera the brand new deal shall be rolled out in 4 phases throughout two 60-day intervals.

The EU’s international coverage chief says Tehran has given what he calls a “cheap” response to the proposal.

All sides are ready for the US to answer.

So what are the ultimate hurdles to a brand new settlement?

Presenter: Laura Kyle

Friends:

Mohammad Marandi – Adviser to the Iranian negotiation group

Hamidreza Azizi – Visiting fellow, German Institute for Worldwide and Safety Affairs

Alex Vatanka – Director and senior fellow, The Center East Institute

EU hopes for quick US response to Iran nuclear deal | Nuclear Energy News

Iran final week responded to the EU’s ‘last’ textual content with ‘extra views and issues’ on a brand new nuclear accord.

It’s hoped america will reply positively this week to a proposal that goals to save lots of a landmark 2015 nuclear cope with Iran, the European Union (EU) has stated.

Josep Borrell, the European Union overseas coverage chief, additionally stated on Monday that Iran had given a “cheap” response to the proposal, which follows 16 months of fitful, oblique US-Iranian talks with the EU shuttling between the events.

“There was a proposal from me as coordinator of the negotiations saying ‘that is the equilibrium we reached, I don’t assume we are able to enhance it on one facet or the opposite …  And there was a response from Iran that I thought-about cheap,” Borrell informed a college occasion within the Spanish metropolis of Santander.

“It was transmitted to america, which has not but responded formally … I hope the response will put an finish to the negotiations. The world can be a a lot safer place if we are able to make this settlement work.”

Iran final week responded to the EU’s textual content with “extra views and issues”, whereas calling on Washington to indicate flexibility to resolve three remaining points.

Earlier on Monday, Iran’s overseas ministry spokesman Nasser Kanaani accused the US of “procrastinating” within the negotiations.

“America and Europe want an settlement greater than Iran,” Kanaani informed a information convention.

US State Division spokesman Ned Worth denied Kanaani’s assertion, telling reporters in Washington, DC: “The notion that we’ve delayed this negotiation in any method is simply not true.”

He stated Washington was inspired that Tehran appeared to have dropped calls for such because the removing of its Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps from the US International Terrorist Group listing.

“That’s a part of the rationale why a deal is nearer now than it was two weeks in the past. However the final result of those ongoing discussions nonetheless stays unsure as gaps do stay,” Worth stated, including the US was working as rapidly as attainable to offer its response.

‘Last provide’

The contents of the EU proposal haven’t been made public.

Nonetheless, Al Jazeera Arabic has reported it contains the discharge of billions of {dollars} of frozen Iranian funds and the unblocking of Tehran’s oil exports – in return for the scaling again of its nuclear programme.

An EU official has beforehand stated the proposal is the bloc’s “last provide” to revive the pact damaged in 2018 by the administration of then-US President Donald Trump.

The stakes are excessive since failure within the nuclear talks would carry the chance of a regional conflict, with Israel threatening army motion in opposition to Iran if diplomacy fails to forestall it from growing nuclear weapons.

Iran, which has lengthy denied having such ambitions, has warned of a “crushing” response to any Israeli assault.

Western leaders urge ‘restraint’ around Ukraine nuclear plant | Nuclear Energy News

A ‘fast go to’ to the shelled Zaporizhzhia nuclear web site is required by unbiased inspectors, leaders of the US, UK, Germany and France say.

Calls grew for army restraint across the Moscow-occupied Zaporizhzhia nuclear plant in Ukraine as Western leaders vowed to take care of their backing for Kyiv within the warfare in opposition to Russia.

In a telephone name on Sunday, the 4 leaders additionally known as for a “fast go to” to the nuclear web site by unbiased inspectors of the Worldwide Atomic Power Company (IAEA), stated German Chancellor Olaf Scholz’s spokesman.

A flare-up in preventing across the Russian-controlled nuclear energy station, with each side blaming one another for assaults, has raised the spectre of a catastrophe worse than in Chernobyl.

Moscow on Thursday stated Kyiv was making ready a “provocation” on the web site that may see Russia “accused of making a man-made catastrophe on the plant”.

On Friday, the French presidency stated Russian President Vladimir Putin has agreed that IAEA inspectors can journey to the nuclear plant for an inspection.

Throughout their talks on Sunday, Scholz, United States President Joe Biden, French President Emmanuel Macron, and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson additionally “agreed that assist for Ukraine in its defence in opposition to Russian aggression can be sustained”.

 

‘Gravely involved’

The Russian seize of Zaporizhzhia has renewed fears that the biggest of Ukraine’s 15 nuclear reactors may very well be broken, setting off an emergency on the size of Chernobyl in 1986.

The world’s worst nuclear catastrophe started with the failure of a routine programs take a look at and befell about 110km (68 miles) north of the capital Kyiv, when Ukraine was a part of the Soviet Union.

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy has beforehand stated the results of a radiation accident at Zaporizhzhia “may very well be much more catastrophic than Chernobyl, and primarily the identical as using nuclear weapons by Russia, however and not using a nuclear strike”.

United Nations Secretary-Basic Antonio Guterres final week stated he was “gravely involved” on the scenario across the facility, renewing his name for demilitarisation of the plant.

Putin allows inspectors to visit Russia-held nuclear plant | Russia-Ukraine war News

Russian President Vladimir Putin has agreed {that a} staff of impartial inspectors can journey to the Moscow-occupied Zaporizhzhia nuclear plant by way of Ukraine.

In accordance with French President Emmanuel Macron’s workplace on Friday, Putin “reconsidered the demand” that the Worldwide Atomic Vitality Company (IAEA) journey by Russia to the positioning, after the Russian chief himself warned preventing there might deliver a couple of “disaster”.

It specified Putin dropped his demand that the IAEA staff journey to the positioning by way of Russia, saying it might arrive by way of Ukraine.

In the meantime, United Nations chief Antonio Guterres urged Moscow’s forces occupying the Zaporizhzhia plant in south Ukraine to not disconnect the power from the grid and doubtlessly minimize provides to hundreds of thousands of Ukrainians.

A flare-up in preventing across the Zaporizhzhia plant – with either side blaming one another for assaults – has raised the spectre of a catastrophe worse than in Chernobyl.

The Kremlin mentioned in a press release earlier that Putin and Macron agreed officers from the UN’s nuclear watchdog ought to perform inspections “as quickly as doable” to “assess the actual scenario on the bottom”.

Putin additionally “burdened that the systematic shelling by the Ukrainian army of the territory of the Zaporizhzhia nuclear energy plant creates the hazard of a large-scale disaster”, the Kremlin added.

The warning of a nuclear catastrophe got here only a day after Turkish chief Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Guterres, assembly within the east Ukrainian metropolis of Lviv, sounded the alarm over the intensified preventing, and Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy urged the UN to safe the positioning.

The Turkish chief mentioned: “We’re frightened. We don’t need one other Chernobyl”, referring to the 1986 nuclear catastrophe, whereas Guterres cautioned any injury to the plant can be akin to “suicide”.

‘Man-made catastrophe’

Throughout his go to to the southern port of Odesa on Friday, the UN secretary-general mentioned: “Clearly, the electrical energy from Zaporizhzhia is Ukrainian electrical energy. This precept should be absolutely revered. Naturally, its vitality should be utilized by the Ukrainian individuals.”

His remarks got here after Ukrainian vitality operator Energoatom alleged Russian troops have been planning to “shut off the reactors” at Zaporizhzhia, which is able to supplying 4 million properties.

On Thursday, Moscow mentioned Kyiv was getting ready a “provocation” on the website that might see Russia “accused of making a man-made catastrophe on the plant”.

Kyiv, nonetheless, insisted Moscow was planning the provocation, and mentioned Russia’s occupying forces had ordered most employees to remain residence on Friday and drawn down officers from Russia’s personal state nuclear company.

The UN chief was visiting Odesa as a part of an enchantment to make Ukrainian grain obtainable to poor nations scuffling with hovering meals costs, after a landmark take care of Russia final month to permit its export.

Earlier, Guterres met Erdogan – who helped dealer the grain deal signed in Istanbul – and Zelenskyy mentioned the UN hoped to scale up work below the deal earlier than the winter.

International meals safety

The deal, the one important settlement between Russia and Ukraine since Moscow invaded in February, has to this point seen 25 ships carrying 600,000 metric tons of agricultural merchandise depart from three designated ports, Kyiv mentioned.

However throughout the name with Macron – their first in almost three months – Putin instructed the French chief Russia was dealing with obstacles within the export of its meals merchandise and fertiliser.

“There are nonetheless obstacles to … Russian exports that don’t contribute to the answer of issues associated to making sure international meals safety,” the Kremlin mentioned.

Guterres is anticipated to move to Turkey after Odesa to go to the Joint Coordination Centre, the physique tasked with overseeing the accord.

The settlement between Kyiv and Moscow to clear exit corridors from three Ukrainian ports, together with Odesa, has introduced some reduction to issues of world meals shortages with the warring nations among the many world’s main producers.

The deal has held however introduced little respite alongside the sprawling entrance traces in jap Ukraine, the place Russian forces have edged slowly ahead after almost six months of preventing.

Iran’s Raisi pushes regional diplomacy as nuclear tensions rise | Nuclear Energy News

Tehran, Iran – The administration of President Ebrahim Raisi in Iran is continuous its push for regional diplomacy as tensions with the West over its nuclear programme proceed to construct up.

The conservative president got here to energy in August 2021 with the promise of “extending a hand of friendship and brotherhood” to different nations, with a particular concentrate on the area.

His officers proceed to advocate for a “balanced” overseas coverage method that doesn’t neglect any alternative to enhance relations – aside from Israel – however his administration has thus far been principally solely profitable in strengthening ties with solely the east.

Tehran has seen a flurry of diplomatic exercise up to now 12 months, and Raisi has devoted all his overseas travels as president to allies and potential mates within the east – with an emphasis on boosting financial cooperation.

The Iranian capital hosted three presidents in June alone.

Final week, Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, president of Kazakhstan, met Raisi and led a high-level delegation that signed a number of cooperation agreements.

The 40-year-old new president of Turkmenistan, Serdar Berdymukhamedov, additionally led a top-tier political and financial delegation throughout his state go to final week on the invitation of Raisi. The 2 sides signed eight agreements on political, financial and cultural cooperation, in accordance with the Iranian president’s workplace.

Raisi has known as for transferring in direction of signing decades-long cooperation accords with each nations.

Iran’s solely main ally in South America, President Nicolas Maduro of fellow United States-sanctioned Venezuela, was additionally in Tehran earlier this month to signal a 20-year cooperation plan, echo a message of combating imperialism, and focus on furthering relations in commerce, vitality, tourism, and expertise.

Syrian President Bashar al-Assad renewed his help for Iran’s regional stances, particularly on Palestine, as he made a shock go to in Could, his second for the reason that struggle in Syria struggle started greater than a decade in the past.

Furthermore, Raisi has capitalised on a possibility to spice up ties with Qatar, which has grown considerably nearer to Iran because the latter backed it throughout a years-long blockade by a coalition of Arab states led by Saudi Arabia. Raisi signed 14 agreements throughout a visit to Doha in February, and the Qatari emir, Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, travelled to Tehran weeks later as the 2 additionally discover cooperation in the course of the upcoming soccer World Cup match.

All these leaders have been additionally granted an viewers with the Iranian supreme chief, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, indicating the nation’s seriousness in attempting to deepen ties.

Iran and Oman additionally pledged to strengthen relations and signed 12 agreements in Could, when Raisi made the primary state go to by an Iranian president to Muscat for the reason that 2020 passing of Sultan Qaboos bin Stated.

Subsequent in line, Iran has Turkey in its sights, as a go to by President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has been in dialogue since final 12 months. It has but to work out, nonetheless, amongst different issues due to Turkey’s relations with Israel.

However Iran’s largest pivot has been in direction of China, the most important purchaser of its oil underneath US sanctions, and Russia, which can be perceived as extra desirous to broaden ties particularly after going through Western sanctions for its invasion of Ukraine.

Iran mentioned in January that its 20-year cooperation accord with China has entered the implementation stage, whereas Raisi provided Iran’s proposals for renewing a 20-year settlement to Russian President Vladimir Putin throughout a go to to the Kremlin the identical month.

‘The financial side’

The phrase “area” has all the time been vital in Iran’s overseas coverage method, however Raisi has launched a serious concentrate on “geoeconomics” to it, in accordance with Mohsen Shariatinia, assistant professor of worldwide relations at Tehran’s Shahid Beheshti College.

“The Raisi administration pursues two targets,” he informed Al Jazeera. “To take care of Iran’s place within the fragile stability of energy within the area, and to intertwine Iran’s financial system with these of its surrounding setting. The financial side is comparatively new.”

Shariatinia pointed on the market cannot be a lot “stability” in Iran’s overseas coverage method for the time being as energy centres in Tehran are more and more of the idea that Washington lacks the desire to elevate its harsh sanctions.

Simply final week, the US launched new sanctions geared toward hurting a community of Iranian petrochemical producers.

That is whereas talks geared toward restoring Iran’s 2015 nuclear cope with world powers, which started in April 2021, proceed to be stalled as Tehran and Washington have didn’t discover a approach to an settlement.

Each side proceed to keep up the opposite must make a concession as a way to revive the Joint Complete Plan of Motion (JCPOA), the accord the US unilaterally deserted in 2018, embarking on a “most stress” marketing campaign nonetheless in impact at present.

However, the US and its European allies launched a censure on the newest board assembly of the worldwide nuclear watchdog earlier this month to sentence Iran’s nuclear advances. Iran responded by limiting nuclear inspections and putting in new centrifuges, additional complicating a return to the unique accord.

‘Alternate options for the West’

For the reason that prospects of restoring the nuclear deal stay gloomy, discovering options to the West continues to be the principle driver behind Iran’s current regional push, in accordance with Hamidreza Azizi, a CATS fellow on the German Institute for Worldwide and Safety Affairs.

However on the identical time, he mentioned if Iran loved higher relations with the West, nearer ties with most nations within the area would come routinely consequently, with out further effort from the Iranian aspect.

“The reason being that almost all of Iran’s neighbours, particularly Arab states of the Persian Gulf, prioritise their relations with the USA over cooperation with Iran,” Azizi informed Al Jazeera.

The case could also be considerably totally different for Central Asian nations, a few of whose leaders have not too long ago visited Tehran, as they historically take pleasure in nearer ties with Moscow, in accordance with Azizi.

“However nonetheless, they’ve additionally by no means needed to be caught within the crossfire of a confrontation between Iran and the West; therefore they’re all the time cautious in relation to any precise cooperation with Iran – past political agreements and statements.”

Furthermore, he mentioned, Central Asian states can not finance massive initiatives with Iran whereas most others are sometimes unwilling to take up that function for worry of US sanctions. And a few Arab neighbours could also be unwilling to enter into significant financial cooperation amid lingering tensions with the West.

“As such, one of the best Iran can get out of the current high-ranking visits is a few room for political manoeuvring, by way of signalling to the world that US stress can not isolate Iran on the worldwide stage and Tehran has different choices to develop pleasant relationships.”

Shariatinia, the Tehran-based college professor, mentioned if the nuclear deal isn’t restored and tensions develop even larger, Raisi’s current agreements and efforts to strengthen ties throughout the area will probably be affected.

“Nevertheless it depends upon the agreements, their topics and who’s signed them,” he mentioned. “As an illustration, it possible received’t have an effect on Iran’s relations with Russia, however relations with nations just like the UAE could possibly be clearly impacted.”