Infographic: How do the Kenyan elections work? | Infographic

Kenya, certainly one of Africa’s most vibrant democracies, votes on Tuesday. Right here’s what it is advisable to know in regards to the events, leaders and key election points.

Nairobi, Kenya – On August 9, Kenyans are heading to the polls to choose the nation’s fifth president in what pundits say might be a hotly contested election.

4 candidates are competing for the nation’s high place. William Ruto, having served two phrases as deputy president within the present authorities, is raring to succeed his present boss, who he’s feuding with.

William Ruto, deputy president of Kenya
William Ruto, deputy president of Kenya

Raila Odinga, who has unsuccessfully contested the presidency 4 instances earlier than, is his important challenger. He has the backing of the outgoing president, Uhuru Kenyatta, his former foe. Two different candidates, George Wajackoyah and David Mwaure, full the record.

Former prime minister Raila Odinga
Former prime minister Raila Odinga

Apart from the presidential election, folks will even go to the polls to vote in governors, Members of the Nationwide Meeting, senators and Members of the County Meeting.

Twelve folks might be nominated to the Nationwide Meeting, in line with the structure, to symbolize particular curiosity teams together with folks with disabilities, youths and staff.

Current parliament
Present parliament

How do folks vote?

Voting is finished electronically within the second such election after a historical past of guide failures.

  • Because of technological failures within the 2017 polls that led to the Supreme Courtroom calling for a rerun of the presidential contest, there’s a guide voters’ register that’s normally sealed till wanted however saved within the polling stations.
  • After voting, the ballots are counted and outcomes kinds crammed, then taken to the constituency tallying centres the place outcomes are collated and introduced, earlier than being taken to the county and nationwide tallying centres.
  • In keeping with Justus Nyng’aya, an Unbiased Electoral and Boundaries Fee (IECB) commissioner, the physique will transmit outcomes through a public portal “as a picture, not textual content”.
Kenyan elections process
Kenyan elections course of

Declaring victory

To be declared winner in Kenya’s winner-takes-all electoral system, a presidential candidate has to obtain greater than half of all of the votes forged within the election; and not less than 25 p.c of the votes forged in every of not less than half of the counties.

In keeping with the structure, if no candidate is elected, a brand new election needs to be held inside 30 days after the earlier one.

  • Solely candidates who acquired the best and second highest votes tally are eligible to contest a brand new election.
  • The candidate who receives probably the most votes within the new election shall be declared elected as president.
  • A presidential election shall be cancelled and a brand new election held if a candidate for president or deputy president dies on or earlier than the scheduled election date; or the president-elect dies earlier than being declared elected.

IEBC chairperson Wafula Chebukati has stated the fee is printing 22,120,458 poll papers – the precise variety of registered voters.

Voting at a glance
Voting at a look

Ideology barometer

In Kenya, as in lots of components of Africa, ideology politics should not the order of the day. Residents are extra inclined to attend for good governance and people-oriented initiatives, no matter whether or not it comes from a socialist or capitalist authorities.

Political barometer in Kenya
Political barometer in Kenya
  • Additionally, for a lot of politicians, energy is the final word purpose so their ideologies are malleable they usually usually swap get together allegiances or create them. Consequently, personalities drive politics on the continent, not events.
  • Raila Odinga, a longtime centre leftist who’s famously identified for campaigning for multi-party politics in Kenya, was a long-term foe of the present president, however is now the institution candidate and barely proper of centre.
  • Deputy President William Ruto is campaigning as an outsider in a centrist authorities and has adopted a comparatively right-wing strategy, along with his populist Kenya Kwanza (Kenya First) motion as a marketing campaign automobile.
  • On the intense left of the spectrum is George Wajackoyah, a professor who desires to legalise marijuana, impose four-day working weeks and grasp these convicted of corruption.
  • To the intense proper is conservative clergyman David Mwaure, who completes the record.

 

Sri Lanka tells civil servants work from home amid fuel shortage | Business and Economy News

Sri Lanka’s authorities orders public sector staff to make money working from home for 2 weeks because it grapples with worst financial disaster in a long time.

Sri Lanka’s authorities has ordered public sector staff to make money working from home for 2 weeks because of extreme gas shortages because the island nation grapples with its worst monetary turmoil in seven a long time.

With present shares of gas projected to expire in a matter of days, Sri Lanka is scrambling to search out international trade to pay for desperately wanted petrol and diesel imports. A mixture of presidency mismanagement and the COVID-19 pandemic have pushed the nation into its deepest financial disaster since independence from Britain in 1948.

The Public Administration and House Affairs Ministry introduced the work-from-home order on Friday for all however probably the most important employees.

“Bearing in mind the extreme limits on gas provide, the weak public transport system, and the problem in utilizing non-public autos, this round permits minimal workers to report back to work from Monday,” the ministry stated.

Of its roughly a million authorities staff, these offering important companies reminiscent of healthcare will proceed to report for responsibility at their places of work, the round stated.

The training ministry additionally stated all faculties have been requested to stay closed for 2 weeks from Monday and to make sure on-line educating if college students and lecturers had entry to electrical energy.

 

Earlier this week, the federal government additionally permitted a four-day work week for public sector employees to assist them address a continual gas scarcity and encourage them to develop meals.

Snaking traces of autos stretching a number of kilometres have fashioned at many fuel stations countrywide this week, leaving some folks ready for greater than 10 hours for gas.

The nation can be going through record-high inflation and prolonged energy blackouts, all of which have contributed to months of protests – typically violent – calling on President Gotabaya Rajapaksa to step down.

Sri Lanka is in talks with the Worldwide Financial Fund (IMF) for a bailout package deal with a delegation anticipated in Colombo on Monday.

The United Nations has outlined a plan to lift $47m to offer help to 1.7 million Sri Lankans worst-hit by the disaster over the following 4 months.

As many as 5 million Sri Lankans might be straight affected by meals shortages within the coming months, Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe’s workplace stated in a press release on Friday.

The World Meals Programme (WFP) stated it started distributing meals vouchers to about 2,000 pregnant ladies in Colombo’s “underserved” areas as a part of “life-saving help” on Thursday.

The WFP is making an attempt to lift $60m for a meals reduction effort between June and December.