Malaysia’s Anwar starts work promising inclusive government | Elections News

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia – Anwar Ibrahim has began work as Malaysia’s prime minister after promising to steer a authorities inclusive of everybody within the multiethnic, multireligious Southeast Asian nation.

Anwar clocked in at 9am (01:00 GMT) on the prime minister’s workplace within the nation’s administrative capital Putrajaya on Friday, after being sworn into workplace by the king the day earlier than.

At his first press convention on Thursday night time, the 75-year-old veteran politician sketched out his plans for the nation.

He mentioned he wouldn’t draw a wage and that his authorities would “assure and safeguard the rights of all Malaysians, particularly the marginalised and impoverished, no matter race or faith”.

He additionally pressured the significance of reform.

“We’ll by no means compromise on good governance, the anti-corruption drive, judicial independence and the welfare of odd Malaysians,” he mentioned on the late-night occasion.

Anwar was named prime minister by the king after an inconclusive election final Saturday that left his Pakatan Harapan (PH) coalition with essentially the most seats however in need of the bulk wanted to rule. PH will govern the nation in coalition with Gabungan Parti Sarawak (GPS), the primary get together within the state of Sarawak in Malaysian Borneo, and Barisan Nasional (BN), the alliance that dominated Malaysian politics till 2018 when it misplaced energy for the primary time amid the multibillion-dollar scandal at state fund 1MDB.

Early in his Thursday night time press convention, Anwar took a congratulatory name from Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan after sharing a video on social media of him chatting with Indonesia’s President Joko Widodo, the primary overseas chief to supply their congratulations. Anwar described Indonesia as a “true good friend” of Malaysia and mentioned he would concentrate on strengthening the 2 international locations relationship.

Anwar in a traditonal Malay outfit in black with songkok (black hat) points as microphones from many different networks are pushed up towards him
Anwar fields questions at a packed late-night press convention on Thursday the place he sketched out the plans for his administration [Vincent Thian//Pool via Reuters]

United States Secretary of State Antony Blinken additionally provided Anwar and the folks of Malaysia his congratulations, noting the report variety of votes forged within the election,

“We sit up for deepening our friendship and cooperation primarily based on shared democratic rules and respect for human rights and the rule of regulation,” Blinken mentioned. “We stay dedicated to working with Malaysia to advance a free and open, related, affluent, safe, and resilient Indo-Pacific area.”

‘Convincing majority’

Anwar’s appointment as prime minister caps a momentous political journey for the person born within the northern state of Penang in 1947. After making a mark as a firebrand scholar activist, the younger Anwar was enticed into the United Malays Nationwide Organisation (UMNO), the dominant get together within the then-ruling BN alliance, the place he rose quickly by way of the ranks.

His shock sacking in 1998 and later imprisonment on prices of corruption and sodomy galvanised Malaysia’s political opposition, fuelled requires reform – referred to as ‘reformasi’ – and contributed to a gradual realignment of the nation’s politics. Anwar endured a second sodomy trial and conviction earlier than he was pardoned in 2018 and launched from jail.

“Solely a person like Anwar may embody Malaysia’s contradictions and switch the nation to a brand new web page in historical past,” mentioned James Chai, a visiting fellow within the Malaysia Research programme at Singapore’s ISEAS-Yusof Ishak Institute. “Many would argue he’s exactly what the nation wants. The Reformasi era can breathe a sigh of aid after years of despair.”

Anwar’s PH authorities is the second for the reformist coalition after its final administration collapsed amid pushback from ethnic Malay conservatives after simply 22 months. The nation has been in a state of instability ever since with two prime ministers over as a few years.

Anwar seems to be eager to attract a line below the political manoeuvring and says a vote of confidence to indicate the energy of the brand new coalition would be the first merchandise on the agenda when parliament sits for the primary time on December 19.

“We have now a very convincing majority,” he mentioned.

Shortly earlier than Anwar was sworn in on Thursday afternoon, former Prime Minister Muhyiddin Yassin known as on Anwar to “show” his majority, claiming with out proof that his PN coalition had essentially the most help.

The conservative alliance acquired the second most votes within the election with PAS, Malaysia’s Islamic get together, gaining essentially the most seats amongst its members and rising as the only largest get together in parliament.

Muhyiddin looking serious, flanked by the leaders of other parties in his coalition including PAS's Abdul Hadi Awang
PN chief Muhyiddin Yassin (centre) challenged Anwar to ‘show’ his majority in a press convention shortly earlier than Anwar was sworn into workplace. Anwar later mentioned a vote of confidence can be the primary merchandise on the agenda when parliament sits subsequent month [Arif Kartono/AFP]

Muhyiddin himself, who was as soon as in BN and was a part of PH’s 2018 authorities, was appointed prime minister by the king in 2020 after an influence battle inside the PH alliance led to its collapse.

He didn’t maintain a parliamentary vote after his appointment and sought to droop parliament. He survived solely 17 months in workplace earlier than he was introduced down by disgruntled members of UMNO and Ismail Sabri Yaakob took his place.

Ismail Sabri held the job for simply over a yr earlier than calling this November’s election.

Constructing belief

To make sure his administration’s longevity, analysts mentioned it was essential Anwar learns the teachings of the primary PH authorities and builds belief.

“Loads will depend upon who he appoints to his cupboard and whether or not they can work collectively,” Bridget Welsh mentioned. “There are lots of classes to be realized from Pakatan Harapan’s first authorities by way of belief constructing, managing expectations and communications. These are issues which are going to be the problem going ahead.”

Anwar has mentioned beforehand that he’ll scale back the dimensions of the cupboard, which had ballooned to just about 70 ministers and deputy ministers in recent times. Welsh mentioned it was essential these appointed had competence and expertise given the challenges dealing with Malaysia, and that it even be reflective of Malaysia’s socioeconomic realities and its youthful inhabitants.

The nation is generally ethnic Malay Muslim and Islam is the official faith however there are important minorities of ethnic Chinese language and Indians, in addition to Indigenous folks.

Race and faith have lengthy been delicate points within the nation and tensions arose throughout the two-week election marketing campaign, with police this week warning Malaysians about posting “provocative” content material.

Jerald Joseph, a Malaysian human rights commissioner till earlier this yr and a long-term campaigner for democracy, mentioned he welcomed the potential for Malaysia to open a brand new chapter, noting that many latest reforms, such because the decreasing of the voting age and automated voter registration, had begun below PH in 2018.

The brand new prime minister ought to concentrate on reforms to parliament, he added, together with guaranteeing the appointment of a impartial speaker and empowering specialist committees.

“Anwar has to show himself like another prime minister,” Joseph informed Al Jazeera. “He has to make reform work. He has to make governance work.”

Infographic: How do the Kenyan elections work? | Infographic

Kenya, certainly one of Africa’s most vibrant democracies, votes on Tuesday. Right here’s what it is advisable to know in regards to the events, leaders and key election points.

Nairobi, Kenya – On August 9, Kenyans are heading to the polls to choose the nation’s fifth president in what pundits say might be a hotly contested election.

4 candidates are competing for the nation’s high place. William Ruto, having served two phrases as deputy president within the present authorities, is raring to succeed his present boss, who he’s feuding with.

William Ruto, deputy president of Kenya
William Ruto, deputy president of Kenya

Raila Odinga, who has unsuccessfully contested the presidency 4 instances earlier than, is his important challenger. He has the backing of the outgoing president, Uhuru Kenyatta, his former foe. Two different candidates, George Wajackoyah and David Mwaure, full the record.

Former prime minister Raila Odinga
Former prime minister Raila Odinga

Apart from the presidential election, folks will even go to the polls to vote in governors, Members of the Nationwide Meeting, senators and Members of the County Meeting.

Twelve folks might be nominated to the Nationwide Meeting, in line with the structure, to symbolize particular curiosity teams together with folks with disabilities, youths and staff.

Current parliament
Present parliament

How do folks vote?

Voting is finished electronically within the second such election after a historical past of guide failures.

  • Because of technological failures within the 2017 polls that led to the Supreme Courtroom calling for a rerun of the presidential contest, there’s a guide voters’ register that’s normally sealed till wanted however saved within the polling stations.
  • After voting, the ballots are counted and outcomes kinds crammed, then taken to the constituency tallying centres the place outcomes are collated and introduced, earlier than being taken to the county and nationwide tallying centres.
  • In keeping with Justus Nyng’aya, an Unbiased Electoral and Boundaries Fee (IECB) commissioner, the physique will transmit outcomes through a public portal “as a picture, not textual content”.
Kenyan elections process
Kenyan elections course of

Declaring victory

To be declared winner in Kenya’s winner-takes-all electoral system, a presidential candidate has to obtain greater than half of all of the votes forged within the election; and not less than 25 p.c of the votes forged in every of not less than half of the counties.

In keeping with the structure, if no candidate is elected, a brand new election needs to be held inside 30 days after the earlier one.

  • Solely candidates who acquired the best and second highest votes tally are eligible to contest a brand new election.
  • The candidate who receives probably the most votes within the new election shall be declared elected as president.
  • A presidential election shall be cancelled and a brand new election held if a candidate for president or deputy president dies on or earlier than the scheduled election date; or the president-elect dies earlier than being declared elected.

IEBC chairperson Wafula Chebukati has stated the fee is printing 22,120,458 poll papers – the precise variety of registered voters.

Voting at a glance
Voting at a look

Ideology barometer

In Kenya, as in lots of components of Africa, ideology politics should not the order of the day. Residents are extra inclined to attend for good governance and people-oriented initiatives, no matter whether or not it comes from a socialist or capitalist authorities.

Political barometer in Kenya
Political barometer in Kenya
  • Additionally, for a lot of politicians, energy is the final word purpose so their ideologies are malleable they usually usually swap get together allegiances or create them. Consequently, personalities drive politics on the continent, not events.
  • Raila Odinga, a longtime centre leftist who’s famously identified for campaigning for multi-party politics in Kenya, was a long-term foe of the present president, however is now the institution candidate and barely proper of centre.
  • Deputy President William Ruto is campaigning as an outsider in a centrist authorities and has adopted a comparatively right-wing strategy, along with his populist Kenya Kwanza (Kenya First) motion as a marketing campaign automobile.
  • On the intense left of the spectrum is George Wajackoyah, a professor who desires to legalise marijuana, impose four-day working weeks and grasp these convicted of corruption.
  • To the intense proper is conservative clergyman David Mwaure, who completes the record.

 

Sri Lanka tells civil servants work from home amid fuel shortage | Business and Economy News

Sri Lanka’s authorities orders public sector staff to make money working from home for 2 weeks because it grapples with worst financial disaster in a long time.

Sri Lanka’s authorities has ordered public sector staff to make money working from home for 2 weeks because of extreme gas shortages because the island nation grapples with its worst monetary turmoil in seven a long time.

With present shares of gas projected to expire in a matter of days, Sri Lanka is scrambling to search out international trade to pay for desperately wanted petrol and diesel imports. A mixture of presidency mismanagement and the COVID-19 pandemic have pushed the nation into its deepest financial disaster since independence from Britain in 1948.

The Public Administration and House Affairs Ministry introduced the work-from-home order on Friday for all however probably the most important employees.

“Bearing in mind the extreme limits on gas provide, the weak public transport system, and the problem in utilizing non-public autos, this round permits minimal workers to report back to work from Monday,” the ministry stated.

Of its roughly a million authorities staff, these offering important companies reminiscent of healthcare will proceed to report for responsibility at their places of work, the round stated.

The training ministry additionally stated all faculties have been requested to stay closed for 2 weeks from Monday and to make sure on-line educating if college students and lecturers had entry to electrical energy.

 

Earlier this week, the federal government additionally permitted a four-day work week for public sector employees to assist them address a continual gas scarcity and encourage them to develop meals.

Snaking traces of autos stretching a number of kilometres have fashioned at many fuel stations countrywide this week, leaving some folks ready for greater than 10 hours for gas.

The nation can be going through record-high inflation and prolonged energy blackouts, all of which have contributed to months of protests – typically violent – calling on President Gotabaya Rajapaksa to step down.

Sri Lanka is in talks with the Worldwide Financial Fund (IMF) for a bailout package deal with a delegation anticipated in Colombo on Monday.

The United Nations has outlined a plan to lift $47m to offer help to 1.7 million Sri Lankans worst-hit by the disaster over the following 4 months.

As many as 5 million Sri Lankans might be straight affected by meals shortages within the coming months, Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe’s workplace stated in a press release on Friday.

The World Meals Programme (WFP) stated it started distributing meals vouchers to about 2,000 pregnant ladies in Colombo’s “underserved” areas as a part of “life-saving help” on Thursday.

The WFP is making an attempt to lift $60m for a meals reduction effort between June and December.