On February 24, Russia launched a full-scale invasion of Ukraine from Belarus to the north, the Russian-annexed Crimea Peninsula to the south, and its personal territory to the east.
The struggle has since killed 1000’s, displaced hundreds of thousands and destroyed complete cities.
These are the principle occasions of the struggle over the past six months.
Section 1 – Russia units out to beat Ukraine and exchange its authorities. The West reacts by imposing complete monetary and commerce sanctions on Russia.
February 24: Russian President Vladimir Putin pronounces his determination to launch a “particular navy operation” in Ukraine in a pre-dawn speech and the land, sea, and air invasion begins.
Ukraine’s President Volodymyr Zelenskyy provides a short and defiant nationwide tackle to declare martial legislation and normal mobilisation.
US President Joe Biden extends full blocking sanctions to 4 Russian banks and bans exports of delicate US applied sciences, particularly within the aviation, maritime and defence sectors.
Six months of Russia’s struggle in Ukraine, defined in maps.https://t.co/oLtPTJ7MeG pic.twitter.com/YxMbmvWKd2
— AJ Labs (@ajlabs) August 24, 2022
February 26-27: Zelenskyy refuses a US supply to evacuate, saying: “The combat is right here; I want ammunition, not a trip”.
Russia’s assault on Kyiv, the jap metropolis of Kharkiv and Chernihiv within the north stalls as Ukrainian defenders goal provide autos with Javelin missiles.
The European Union bans chosen Russian banks from SWIFT and freezes Russian central financial institution deposits. It additionally bans Russian plane from EU airspace.
Oil majors Shell, BP and Norway’s sovereign wealth fund pull out of Russian joint ventures.
February 28: Ukraine applies to hitch the EU.
March 1: A 65km (40.4-mile) Russian navy convoy strikes in direction of the Ukrainian capital, Kyiv.
The US closes its skies to Russian air site visitors.
March 2: Russian forces enter the southern metropolis of Kherson. One million Ukrainian refugees have now fled the nation.
March 4: Russian forces shell Europe’s greatest nuclear plant of Zaporizhzhia, elevating fears of a Chernobyl-style catastrophe.
March 8: The European Fee unveils REPowerEU, a plan to cut back dependence on Russian pure fuel by two-thirds by the top of the yr. The US imposes a ban on Russian crude oil imports. Ukrainian refugee numbers attain two million.
US Congress approves $13.6bn in spending for Ukraine, divided equally between help for refugees and navy help for the entrance.
March 11: Russian armour enters the northwestern outskirts of Kyiv, however already faces manpower shortages. Putin approves the deployment of as much as 16,000 irregular fighters from Syria.
The EU points the Versailles Declaration in response to the Ukraine struggle, calling for member states to strengthen defence spending.
March 13: Russia broadens its targets westward, firing 30 cruise missiles at a navy coaching base in Yavoriv, 25km (15.5 miles) from the Polish border, killing 35 individuals.
March 14: High Putin aide Viktor Zolotov, who heads the nationwide guard, turns into the primary high-ranking Russian to confess the struggle in Ukraine will not be going as deliberate.
March 16: Russia bombs a theatre within the southern port metropolis of Mariupol, killing a minimum of 300 civilians sheltering there.
March 23: NATO estimates that Russia has misplaced 7,000-15,000 troops in a single month of struggle and that the variety of Russian lifeless, wounded, captured and lacking is 40,000.
Section 2 – Russia refocuses on the east, as Ukraine launches counteroffensives within the north and south, taking again greater than 1,000 settlements. The US and UK ship superior missile techniques to Ukraine.
March 25: Russia says it’ll give attention to consolidating its management over the jap Ukrainian provinces of Luhansk and Donetsk, in an obvious redefinition of its struggle goals.
Greater than 3.7 million Ukrainians have change into refugees.
March 27: Zelenskyy tells Russian journalists on a video name that he’s keen to think about geopolitical neutrality for Ukraine, and to compromise on the standing of the jap Donbas area, which shaped a part of the pretext for Russia’s invasion.
March 29: Russian and Ukrainian negotiators meet in Istanbul – their first in-person assembly in additional than three weeks. Ukraine places ahead an in depth proposal of neutrality.
April 1: An Al Jazeera report reveals that Russia is utilizing proxy teams in Syria to recruit fighters for Ukraine.
April 2: As Russian troops withdraw from Bucha, a city northwest of Kyiv, dozens of apparently civilian corpses are discovered on the streets.
April 4: US president Joe Biden requires Putin to be tried in a struggle crimes tribunal for the alleged Russian killings of civilians in Bucha.
April 5: Internally displaced Ukrainians now quantity 7.1 million. Al Jazeera uncovers testimony from Bucha residents saying they have been tortured and their lives threatened by Russian troopers.
April 6: The Biden administration prohibits US funding in Russia and calls on the G20 to expel it from the group.
April 7: Russia fires cluster munitions into the Kramatorsk railway station filled with 1000’s of evacuees, killing a minimum of 52.
The UN Basic Meeting votes to droop Russia from the organisation’s Human Rights Council.
April 8: Forensic consultants begin exhuming our bodies in mass graves in Bucha.
The EU bans imports of Russian coal, depriving Russia of 8 billion euros ($7.97bn) a yr. As a part of a fifth spherical of sanctions, the EU additionally bans imports of Russian lumber, cement, seafood and fertilisers. The EU additionally bans the export to Russia of jet gasoline and delicate applied sciences and software program.
European Fee President Ursula Von Der Leyen palms Zelenskyy a questionnaire, kicking off the start of Ukraine’s EU membership utility course of.
April 14: Ukraine sinks the Russian Black Sea fleet flagship Moskva, after hitting it with two Neptune missiles.
April 16: Russia’s defence ministry says it controls the port of Mariupol, though preventing continues.
April 18: Russian forces launch a brand new, large-scale offensive in east Ukraine to take full management of the Luhansk and Donetsk oblasts.
April 21: Putin declares victory within the battle for Mariupol, regardless that some 2,500 Ukrainian marines stay barricaded within the Azovstal metal plant.
April 28: US Congress revives lend-lease services to hurry up weapons shipments to Ukraine. President Biden asks Congress to approve a $33bn spending package deal for Ukraine.
Could 4: Ukrainian and Russian stories say a Ukrainian counteroffensive north and east of Kharkiv has pushed Russian troops 40km (24.9 miles) again from the town, within the first vital Ukrainian success since successful the battle for Kyiv.
The European Fee unveils a sixth spherical of sanctions, together with a whole import ban on all Russian oil, seaborne and pipeline, crude and refined, efficient by the top of the yr.
Could 5: Ukrainian Commander-in-Chief Valerii Zaluzhnyi says Ukrainian forces are transitioning to counteroffensive operations across the jap cities of Kharkiv and Izyum, the primary direct Ukrainian navy assertion of a shift to offensive operations.
Could 11: Ukraine for the primary closing dates Russian fuel transiting its territory to Europe, chopping by 1 / 4 the move of fuel via certainly one of two main pipelines.
Could 12: Finland pronounces it’ll search NATO membership.
The UNHCR says the variety of Ukrainian refugees has handed the six-million mark.
Could 15: Sweden pronounces it’ll apply for NATO membership, ending two centuries of neutrality.
Could 16: Ukraine’s defence ministry says its troops have superior to the Russian border 40km (24.9 miles) north of Kharkiv, and Russian defensive efforts are specializing in stopping an incursion in direction of Belgorod in Russia.
Could 17: Ukraine’s navy declares an finish to the Azovstal resistance in Mariupol.
Could 18: The European Fee pronounces a 220 billion euro ($219bn) plan to ditch all Russian fossil fuels over 5 years.
Could 19: US Congress approves a $40bn help package deal for Ukraine, considerably greater than the $33bn Biden initially requested for, about half of which is meant for navy help and provides.
Could 21: The battle for the town of Severdonetsk within the jap Luhansk province begins.
Russia’s defence ministry pronounces it has full management of Mariupol, following the evacuation of 1,908 defenders of the Azovstal plant there, a month after Putin declared victory over the town.
Could 25: Eduard Basurin, deputy head of the militia of the Russia-backed, self-declared Donetsk Individuals’s Republic, says Russia was quickly forswearing the technique of surrounding all Ukraine’s forces within the east with a grand pincer motion, as a substitute specializing in piecemeal isolations. Russian forces additionally begin constructing secondary strains of defence in Kherson and Zaporizhia, anticipating Ukrainian counterattacks.
Could 27: Russian forces advance on Severdonetsk from three completely different instructions and start direct assaults on built-up partsof the town within the north, taking management of the Mir resort.
Could 28: Ukraine launches a counteroffensive in Kherson, reportedly bringing Russian forces to a “disadvantageous” defensive place and inflicting heavy losses.
Could 30: After some hesitation, Biden decides to ship “extra superior rocket techniques” to Ukraine to allow higher precision artillery raids. The US will ship GMLRS and Excessive Mobility Artillery Rocket Methods (HIMARS) with 80km (49.7-mile) vary rockets.
Could 31: Russian forces occupy the centre of Severdonetsk as Ukrainian troops make a tactical retreat, however preventing continues.
Within the south, Ukrainian forces press a counteroffensive in direction of Kherson, pushing Russian forces east of the Inhulets river.
The EU bans Russian oil and petroleum merchandise, following a call on the sixth package deal of sanctions in opposition to Russia.
June 2: Kherson oblast navy administration head Hennadiy Lahuta stories that the Ukrainian counteroffensive has liberated 20 villages.
June 6: The UK pronounces it’ll ship M270 a number of launch rocket techniques with 80km (49.7 mile) vary to Ukraine.
June 9: Putin likens his conquest of Ukraine to Peter the Nice’s conquest of what’s as we speak northwestern Russia in a struggle fought in opposition to Sweden in 1700-1721.
June 13: NATO Secretary-Basic Jens Stoltenberg seems to recommend that Ukraine should settle for a lack of sovereignty or territory in return for peace, throughout a press convention in Finland.
June 15: Russia cuts fuel deliveries to Europe via the Nord Stream 1 pipeline to 40 p.c of capability.
June 22: Ukraine says it has taken 1,026 settlements again from Russian management.
June 24: Although there may be nonetheless rearguard preventing, Luhansk governor Serhiy Haidai says Severodonetsk will likely be deserted.
The EU formally invitations Ukraine and Moldova to change into candidate international locations for EU membership.
June 27: Russian missiles goal a shopping center in Kremenchuk, central Ukraine, killing a minimum of 18 individuals.
Russia defaults on its sovereign debt for the primary time because the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917, as a 30-day grace interval on $100m of curiosity funds expires.
NATO Secretary-Basic Jens Stoltenberg says the alliance is to extend its Readiness Power (NRF) from 40,000 to 300,000.
June 29: NATO formally invitations Finland and Sweden to change into members of the alliance, after Turkey lifts its veto.
June 30: After being pounded by Ukrainian missiles, Russian forces withdraw from Snake Island within the Black Sea.
July 3: Russia claims to have taken Lysychansk, giving it nominal management of Luhansk oblast, although partisan preventing continues.
Section 3 – Russia re-expands its targets to incorporate Kherson and Zaporizhia. Ukraine makes use of missiles to devastate Russian ammunition, bases and command posts deep behind the entrance strains.
July 4: Some 40 international locations take part in an Worldwide Convention on the Restoration of Ukraine in Lugano, Switzerland. Ukrainian prime minister Denys Shmyhal says $750bn will likely be wanted.
July 17: Zelenskyy says Russia has now fired 3,000 cruise missiles in opposition to his nation.
July 20: In an interview with Russian newspaper Ria Novosti, Russian overseas minister Sergey Lavrov mentioned Russia had departed from its official aim of occupying the 2 jap areas of Luhansk and Donetsk, saying Zaporizhia and Kherson within the south are additionally essential to take.
July 21: Within the southern Kherson area, Ukraine says it has destroyed a Russian ammunition warehouse.
July 22: Russia and Ukraine signal a UN-brokered settlement permitting the export of Ukrainian grain via the Black Sea.
July 26: Russian state firm Gazprom says it’ll halve fuel provide via the Nord Stream 1 pipeline to twenty p.c of capability. EU vitality ministers conform to voluntarily scale back the usage of pure fuel by 15 p.c between August this yr and March 2023.
July 27: Ukrainian forces harm the Antonivka automobile and rail bridges utilizing HIMARS rocket artillery, rendering them unusable for heavy navy transport. This helps minimize off ahead Russian positions in Kherson.
July 29: No less than 50 Ukrainian PoWs are killed when their detention facility is blown up in Olenivka, Donetsk. Russia says Ukraine focused its personal males. Ukraine says Russia blew up its personal penal colony “to cowl up struggle crimes”.
July 31: A presumed Ukrainian drone flies into Russia’s Black Sea fleet headquarters in Sevastopol on Russia’s Navy Day, wounding 5 individuals.
August 1: The primary ship loaded with Ukrainian grain leaves port following a July 22 settlement to raise a Russian blockade.
August 6: Ukraine’s southern command says its forces destroyed 39 Russian rocket launchers and an ammunition warehouse.
August 7: Ukraine’s southern command stories the destruction of 24 Russian a number of rocket launchers, a T-62 tank, 5 armoured autos and an ammunition warehouse in assaults in opposition to Berislavsky and one different location in Kherson oblast.
August 9: An estimated 9 Russian warplanes have been destroyed on the bottom on the airbase of Saky in Crimea, 225km (136.7 miles) behind the entrance line, in what would look like the primary vital Ukrainian assault on a Russian base on the peninsula.
Ukraine additionally destroys Russian ammunition warehouses in Novooleksiivka in Crimea, 150km (93.2 miles) south of the entrance line, and a command publish at Maksyma Horkoho on the southwestern Kherson coast.
August 16: A collection of explosions shake the village of Mayskoye in Crimea, as a suspected Russian ammunition depot goes up in flames, forcing the evacuation of three,000 individuals. Russia calls it “a results of sabotage” with out assigning blame.
August 18: UN chief Antonio Guterres warns harm to the Zaporizhzhia nuclear energy station could be “suicide”, as Ukraine and Russia accuse one another of shelling near the plant.
August 20: Darya Dugina, daughter of a distinguished Russian ultranationalist Alexander Dugin, is killed in a automobile bomb blast close to Moscow, in what might have been an assassination try on her father. Ukraine denied Russia’s accusations that it was behind the assault.
August 24: Ukraine marks its day of independence from Soviet rule and the six-month anniversary of Russia’s full-scale invasion. Public celebrations are cancelled amid fears that Russia might escalate assaults to coincide with the day, however Zelenskyy provides a defiant speech, saying Ukraine had been “reborn” when Russia invaded: “We don’t care what military you’ve, we solely care about our land. We’ll combat for it till the top.”